Glass in the pharmaceutical sector: Why is it used?

Glass in the pharmaceutical sector: Why is it used?

Glass: perfect material for packaging and storage of medicines

Glass is a unique material with uncommon properties; in particular, its chemical stability ed inertia make it ideal for the packaging and storage of medicines. In addition, glass also makes it ideal for resist to those more stressful procedures, such as sterilization or freezing, which some medications undergo.

Glass is also impermeable to liquids and gases and this makes it suitable for storing drugs because prevents the passage of bacteria and therefore conservation is totally hygienic even for prolonged times.

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Glass for drugs: characteristics

There are mainly two types of pharmaceutical glass: transparent white and amber yellow.

Il amber yellow glass it is suitable for all those photosensitive drugs, as it only allows one reduced passage of light.

In general, drug glass is classified into:

Type I (Neutral): This glass is ideal for containing liquid injectable drugs

Type II (sodium-calcium): in this case the glass undergoes a heat treatment to make it even more stable and to be able to contain Infusion Solutions at a maximum pH of 7. The treatment based on Ammonium Sulphate is carried out only in the part that will come into contact with the drug (in general , therefore, the inside of the tube).

Type III: type III glass is used for solid or liquid drugs, both for oral and injectable use, or also for powder antibiotics.

Hollow Glass: the market

Glass for medicines is part of the "hollow glass" category, which includes the production of glass packaging and bottles (pharmaceutical, cosmetics, food). According to 2018 data, the production of bottles has achieved good results: the at export is climbed 3% and, at the same time, imports fell by 4%.

Overall, the hollow glass sector has reached one production of 4.287.283 tons in 2018.

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